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PostSubject: Bloonsplayer5 Request Center   Mon Sep 07, 2009 3:24 pm

{{infobox hurricane season active
|first system=May 28, 2009
|active systems=''None''
|total depressions=7
|total storms=6
|total hurricanes=2
|major hurricanes=2
|strongest storm=''[[Hurricane Bill (2009)|Bill]]'' - 135 mph (215 km/h), 943 mbar (hPa)<!--Intensity is measured by minimum central pressure, not by windspeed.--> <ref>{{cite web|publisher=National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration|year=2009|accessdate=August 19, 2009|title=Best Track for Hurricane Bill (03L)|url=ftp://ftp.tpc.ncep.noaa.gov/atcf/tcweb/invest_al032009.invest}}</ref>
|landfall=4
|total damage=$1.2 million (2009 [[United States dollar|USD]])
|total ace=40.0
|fatalities=5 direct
|basin=Atlantic hurricane
|five seasons=[[2007 Atlantic hurricane season|2007]] [[2008 Atlantic hurricane season|2008]] '''2009''' [[2010 Atlantic hurricane season|Post-2009]]<!--it doesn't make sense to put 2010 or 2011 in here because those years are yet to come and the list of tropical cyclone names shows the future names for the lists-->
}}

The '''2009 Atlantic hurricane season''' is an event in the annual cycle of [[tropical cyclone]] formation. The season officially started on June 1 and will end on November 30. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the [[Atlantic basin]].

The season began early with the development of [[Tropical Depression One (2009)|Tropical Depression One]] on May 28, but for the next two months the Atlantic basin went dormant. On August 12, [[Tropical Storm Ana (2009)|Tropical Storm Ana]] developed in the vicinity of the Cape Verde Islands, marking the latest date since [[1992 Atlantic hurricane season|1992]] when the season's first tropical cyclone was named in the Atlantic basin.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2009/tws/MIATWSAT_jul.shtml?|title=Tropical Weather Summary|author=Avila, Blake|date=2009-08-01|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2009-08-02}}</ref> [[Tropical Storm Claudette (2009)|Tropical Storm Claudette]] formed on August 16 and became the first storm of the season to make landfall in the United States early the next morning. [[Hurricane Bill (2009)|Hurricane Bill]] became the first hurricane and first major hurricane of the season. [[Hurricane Fred (2009)|Hurricane Fred]] was unusual as it was the strongest hurricane so far south and east in the NHC's data record, as it reached major hurricane status about thirty-six hours after formation, becoming only the third known major hurricane east of 35°W.

==Seasonal forecasts==
{| class="toccolours" cellspacing=0 cellpadding=3 style="float:right; margin-left:1em; text-align:right; clear: right;"
|+'''Predictions of tropical activity in the 2009 season'''
|- style="background:#ccccff"
|align="center"|'''Source'''
|align="center"|'''Date'''
|align="center"|'''<font style="font-size: 80%;">Named<br />storms</font>'''
|align="center"|'''<font style="font-size: 80%;">Hurricanes</font>'''
|align="center"|'''<font style="font-size: 80%;">Major<br />hurricanes</font>'''
|-
|align="center" colspan="2"|''Average <font style="font-size: 80%;">(1950–2000)</font>''
|9.6
|5.9
|2.3
|-
|align="center" colspan="2"|''Record high activity''
|[[2005 Atlantic hurricane season|28]]
|[[2005 Atlantic hurricane season|15]]
|[[1950 Atlantic hurricane season|8]]
|-
|align="center" colspan="2"|''Record low activity''
|[[1983 Atlantic hurricane season|4]]
|[[1982 Atlantic hurricane season|2]]
|[[1994 Atlantic hurricane season|0]]†
|-
|colspan="6" align="center"|–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
|-
|align="left"|[[Colorado State University|CSU]]
|align="left"|December 10, 2008
|14
|7
|3
|-
|align="left"|[[Colorado State University|CSU]]
|align="left"|April 7, 2009
|12
|6
|2
|-
|align="left"|[[National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration|NOAA]]
|align="left"|May 21, 2009
|9–14
|4–7
|1–3
|-
|align="left"|[[Colorado State University|CSU]]
|align="left"|June 2, 2009
|11
|5
|2
|-
|align="left"|[[Met Office|UKMO]]
|align="left"|June 18, 2009
|6*
|N/A
|N/A
|-
|align="left"|[[Colorado State University|CSU]]
|align="left"|August 4, 2009
|10
|4
|2
|-
|align="left"|[[National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration|NOAA]]
|align="left"|August 6, 2009
|7–11
|3–6
|1–2
|-
|colspan="5" align="center"|––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
|-
|align="left"|
|align="left"|'''Actual activity'''
|6
|2
|2
|-
|align="left" colspan="5"|* July-November only.<br>† Most recent of several such occurrences. ([[List of Atlantic hurricane records#Seasonal activity|See all]])
|}
[[File:2009 Atlantic hurricane season summary map.png|thumb|left|Track map of all storms thus far]][[Tropical cyclone seasonal forecasting|Forecasts of hurricane activity]] are issued before each hurricane season by noted hurricane experts Philip J. Klotzbach, [[William M. Gray]], and their associates at [[Colorado State University]]; and separately by [[National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration|NOAA]] forecasters.

Klotzbach's team (formerly led by Gray) defined the average number of storms per season (1950 to 2000) as 9.6&nbsp;tropical storms, 5.9&nbsp;hurricanes, 2.3&nbsp;major hurricanes (storms reaching at least Category&nbsp;3 strength in the [[Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale]]) and [[Accumulated cyclone energy|ACE Index]] 96.1.<ref name="Gray Dec">{{cite web|author=Philip J. Klotzbach and William M. Gray|date=2008-12-10|title=Extended Range Forecast of Atlantic Seasonal Hurricane Activity and U.S. Landfall Strike Probability for 2009|publisher=[[Colorado State University]]|accessdate=2009-01-01|url=http://hurricane.atmos.colostate.edu/Forecasts/2008/dec2008/dec2008.pdf|format=PDF|archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5hT3hN5th|archivedate=2009-06-12|deadurl=no}}</ref> [[National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration|NOAA]] defines a season as above-normal, near-normal or below-normal by a combination of the number of named storms, the number reaching hurricane strength, the number reaching major hurricane strength and [[Accumulated cyclone energy|ACE Index]].<ref>{{cite web|author=[[National Hurricane Center]]|publisher=[[National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration]]|url=http://www.webcitation.org/5hT3hpJ7F|date=May 22, 2008|accessdate=April 14, 2009|title=NOAA Atlantic Hurricane Season Classifications}}</ref>

===Pre-season forecasts===
On December&nbsp;10, 2008, Klotzbach's team issued its first extended-range forecast for the 2009&nbsp;season, predicting above-average activity (14&nbsp;named storms, 7&nbsp;hurricanes, 3&nbsp;of Category&nbsp;3 or higher and [[Accumulated cyclone energy|ACE Index]] of 125). On April&nbsp;7, 2009, Klotzbach's team issued an updated forecast for the 2009&nbsp;season, predicting near-average activity (12&nbsp;named storms, 6&nbsp;hurricanes, 2&nbsp;of Category&nbsp;3 or higher and [[Accumulated cyclone energy|ACE Index]] of 100), citing the possible cause as the high probability of a weak [[El Niño-Southern Oscillation|El Niño]] forming during the season.<ref name="Gray April">{{cite web|author=William M. Gray|date=2008-04-07|title=Mid-Season Forecast of Atlantic Seasonal Hurricane Activity and U.S. Landfall Strike Probability for 2009|publisher=Colorado State University|accessdate=2009-04-07|url=http://hurricane.atmos.colostate.edu/Forecasts/2009/april2009/apr2009.pdf|format=PDF|o}}</ref> On May 21, 2009, [[National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration|NOAA]] issued their forecast for the season, predicting near or slightly above average activity, (9 to 14&nbsp;named storms, 4 to 7&nbsp;hurricanes, and 1 to 3&nbsp;of Category&nbsp;3 or higher).<ref>{{cite news|first=Michael E. |last=Ruane |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Government Weather Officials Predict Average 2009 Season|url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/05/21/AR2009052102513.html|work=[[Washington Post]] |publisher= |date=2009-05-21|accessdate=2009-08-16}}</ref>
===Midseason outlooks===
On June 2, 2009, Klotzbach's team issued another updated forecast for the 2009 season, predicting slightly below average activity (11 named storms, 5 hurricanes, 2 of Category 3 or higher and [[Accumulated cyclone energy|ACE Index]] of 85). On June 18, 2009, the UK [[Met Office]] ([[UKMO]]) issued a forecast of 6&nbsp;tropical storms in the July to November period with a 70% chance that the number would be in the range 3 to 9. They also predicted an [[Accumulated cyclone energy|ACE Index]] of 60 with a 70% chance that the index would be in the range 40 to 80.<ref name="UKMO June forecast">{{cite web|title=UKMO North Atlantic tropical storms seasonal forecast for 2009| url=http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/weather/tropicalcyclone/northatlantic.html}}</ref> On August 4, 2009, Klotzbach's team updated their forcast for the 2009 season, again predicting slightly below average activity (10 named storms, 4 hurricanes, and 2 major hurricanes). On August 6, 2009, the NOAA also updated their forecast for the 2009 season, predicting below average activity (7-11 named storms, 3-6 hurricanes, and 1-2 major hurricanes).

==Storms==
{{clear}}
===Tropical Depression One===
{{Infobox Hurricane Small
|Basin=Atl
|Image=Tropical Depression One 2009 GOES.jpg
|Formed=May 28
|Dissipated=May 29
|1-min winds=30
|Pressure=1006
|Track=01-L 2009 track.png
}}
{{Main article|Tropical Depression One (2009)}}
On May 28, the National Hurricane Center began issuing advisories on Tropical Depression One. The depression had formed about 400 miles (640&nbsp;km) east-northeast of the [[Outer Banks]] of [[North Carolina]]. With relatively favorable conditions, the depression was forecast to strengthen into a [[tropical storm]] by early May 29 before dissipating over cooler waters shortly thereafter. However, the system did not reach tropical storm strength, and instead began to weaken rapidly later on the 29th.<ref>{{cite web | author=Franklin and Beven | publisher=National Hurricane Center | publisher=National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration | date=May 28, 2009 | accessdate=2009-05-28 | title=Tropical Depression One Discussion Number 1 | url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2009/al01/al012009.discus.001.shtml?}}</ref> The depression [[extratropical cyclone#Extratropical transition|became extratropical]] at about 5 p.m. [[Atlantic Standard Time|AST]] (2100 [[Coordinated Universal Time|UTC]]) that same day,<ref name="al012009.discus.006">{{cite web | author=Kimberlain and Franklin | publisher=National Hurricane Center | publisher=National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration | date=May 29, 2009 | accessdate=2009-06-01 | title=Tropical Depression One Discussion Number 6 | url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2009/al01/al012009.discus.006.shtml?}}</ref> and was absorbed by a frontal zone shortly thereafter.
{{clear}}

===Tropical Storm Ana===
{{main|Tropical Storm Ana (2009)}}
{{Infobox Hurricane Small
|Basin=Atl
|category=depression
|Image=TD2 aug 12 2009 1335Z.jpg
|Track=Ana 2009 track.png
|Formed=August 11
|Dissipated=August 17
|1-min winds=35
|Pressure=1004
}}
On August 11, Tropical Depression Two developed west of the Cape Verde Islands and was quickly forecasted to become a tropical storm. On August 13, however, exposure to upper level wind shear and dry air led to the storm degenerating into a remnant low. Still, the storm was forecasted to strengthen back into a depression.<ref>http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2009/al02/al022009.public.011.shtml?</ref> The system's remnants did in fact regenerate into a tropical depression shortly after midnight. Just hours later the depression was upgraded into Tropical Storm Ana and tropical storm watches were issued for most of the [[Leeward Islands]].<ref>http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2009/al02/al022009.public.018.shtml?</ref> On August 16, Ana degenerated into a Tropical Depression again after an Air Force hurricane hunter aircraft found the storm to be very poorly organized and even further dissipation was predicted.<ref>http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2009/al02/al022009.public.019.shtml?</ref> Overnight, Ana moved across the Leeward Islands with little change in intensity predicted. The storm was forecasted to track across the northeastern Caribbean Sea and approach [[Hispaniola]] by August 17. Dry air and moderate shear took their toll on Ana, and it dissipated over the northern Caribbean that day. Tropical Storm Ana was one of three tropical storms active on August 16.
{{clear}}

===Hurricane Bill===
{{Infobox Hurricane Small
|Image=Bill.A2009231.1415.250m.jpg
|Basin=Atl
|Track=Bill 2009 track.png
|Formed=August 15
|Dissipated=August 24
|1-min winds=116
|Pressure=943
}}
{{main|Hurricane Bill (2009)}}
Late on August 12, a strong tropical wave associated with an area of low pressure moved off the African coast with deep layers of moisture observed.<ref>{{cite web|author=Walton|publisher=National Hurricane Center|date=2009-08-13|accessdate=2009-08-16|title=Tropical weather discussion 205 AM EDT August 13 2009|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/text/TWDAT/TWDAT.200908130527.txt|archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5jD3PsAZU|archivedate=2009-08-22|deadurl=no}}</ref> Later that day, the wave became better organized with a low level circulation forming, but without any significant convection. That night, the area of convection became more concentrated, but wind shear increased since the previous advisory. On August 14, the disturbance strengthened more and its convective bands became stronger with better circulation, indicating that the disturbance would soon become a tropical depression. Later, on August 15, even though some of its deep convection dissipated, it was officially named Bill, the second named storm of the 2009 season. Early on August 17, an eye appeared on visible and infrared loops and Bill strengthened into a hurricane, the first of the 2009 season. Bill then briefly underwent an eyewall replacement cycle, as the eye had contracted to a half its original size. However, strengthening continued and, on the evening of August 18, Bill rapidly strengthened into a major hurricane. Bill was one of three tropical storms active on August 16. It lost tropical characteristics after making landfall on [[Newfoundland (island)|Newfoundland]] as a weakening Category 1 hurricane on [[August 24]]. The extratropical storm then raced eastward in the Atlantic, in open waters of the North Atlantic and later affected the United Kingdom.

{{clear}}

===Tropical Storm Claudette===
{{main|Tropical Storm Claudette (2009)}}
{{Infobox Hurricane Small
|Basin=Atl
|Category=depression
|Image=Claudette 2009 approaching Florida.jpg
|Track=Claudette 2009 track.png
|Formed=August 16
|Dissipated=August 18
|1-min winds=45
|Pressure=1006
}}

Tropical Storm Claudette formed as the fourth depression of the season in the eastern [[Gulf of Mexico]] on August 16. The disturbance developed rapidly and formation was not expected until just a few hours before its declaration as a tropical depression. As recently as nine hours before the storm's formation, the NHC gave the system a less than 30% chance of developing in the next 48 hours.<ref>[http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/gtwo/atl/200908160247/index.php?basin=atl&current_issuance=200908160247 Tropical Weather Outlook 800 PM EDT August 15, 2009].[[National Hurricane Center]], Avila and Kimberlain (August 15, 2009). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2009-08-16.</ref> In an update statement issued at 12:15 p.m. [[Eastern Daylight Time|EDT]] on August 16, 2009, Tropical Depression Four was upgraded to Tropical Storm Claudette based on NOAA radar in [[Tallahassee]]. Early on August 17, Claudette made landfall at the east end of Santa Rosa Island, Florida, with 50 mph winds. Later that day, the NHC issued its last public advisory on Claudette as it moved inland and weakened to a tropical depression. Advisories were continued by the [[Hydrometeorological Prediction Center]]. Tropical Storm Claudette was one of three tropical storms active on August 16.

{{clear}}

===Tropical Storm Danny===
{{Infobox Hurricane Small
|Basin=Atl
|category=depression
|Image=Tropical Storm Danny 2009-08-28 1540Z.jpg| image_width=170px
|Track=Danny 2009 track.png
|Formed=August 26
|Dissipated=August 29
|1-min winds=50
|Pressure=1006
}}
{{Main article|Tropical Storm Danny (2009)}}
Danny formed from a tropical wave interacting with an area of low pressure north of [[Hispaniola]] on August 26, but was barely tropical.<ref name="Dannyadv1">{{cite web|author=Jack Beven|publisher=National Hurricane Center|date=2009-08-26|accessdate=2009-08-27|title=Tropical Storm Danny discussion number 1|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2009/al05/al052009.discus.001.shtml?|archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5jfbZgnHt|archivedate=2009-09-09|deadurl=no}}</ref> It skipped tropical depression status and then generally moved to the northwest, until it was absorbed into a larger extratropical storm on August 29. A boy was swept away from the rough surfs of Danny and his body was found several days later.<ref name="Danny1">{{cite news|url=http://www.wral.com/news/state/story/5908847/|title=Body of boy missing off Outer Banks recovered|date=September 1, 2009|work=[[WRAL]]|publisher=WRAL|accessdate=2009-09-01|archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5jfba6RNB|archivedate=2009-09-09|deadurl=no}}</ref> The damages from Danny are unknown and minor.
{{clear}}

===Tropical Storm Erika===
{{Infobox Hurricane Small
|Basin=Atl
|category=depression
|Image=Tropical Storm Erika 2009-09-03 1510Z.jpg| image_width=170px
|Track=Erika 2009 track.png
|Formed=September 1
|Dissipated=September 3
|1-min winds=50
|Pressure=1004
}}
{{Main article|Tropical Storm Erika (2009)}}
Tropical Storm Erika formed on [[September 1]] at 5 p.m. AST northeast of the Leeward Islands from a low pressure area that had formed from a tropical wave south-southeast of Cape Verde on August 26. The wave moved across the Atlantic, and weakened to low potential for formation, but, the wave reorganized to medium potential, then high potential. Finally, around midday on September 1, the NHC initiated advisories on Tropical Storm Erika, skipping depression status; the second storm of the year to do so. Erika strengthened to a peak of 60 mph late on September 1, but began to weaken early the next day. On September 3, Erika was degraded to a tropical depression and later became a remnant low.
{{clear}}

===Hurricane Fred===
{{Infobox Hurricane Small
|Basin=Atl
|category=cat3
|Image=Hurricane Fred 2009-09-09 1250Z.jpg| image_width=170px
|Track=Fred 2009 track.png
|Formed=September 7
|Dissipated=September 12
|1-min winds=105
|Pressure=958
}}
{{Main article|Hurricane Fred (2009)}}
Tropical Depression Seven formed from a tropical wave south of [[Cape Verde]] on [[September 7]]. It strengthened later that day to become Tropical Storm Fred. Early the next day, under favorable conditions, Fred strengthened to a Category 1 hurricane and was expected to intensify further. Fred [[rapid deepening|rapidly intensified]] through the evening and into the early morning hours, becoming a Category 2 hurricane just six hours after becoming a hurricane. It continued to strengthen into a second major hurricane that morning, becoming the strongest storm ever recorded so far south and east in the Atlantic basin in the satellite era, and only the third major hurricane on record east of 35°W.<ref name="FredDisc8">[http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2009/al07/al072009.discus.008.shtml HURRICANE FRED DISCUSSION NUMBER 8], [[National Hurricane Center]], 1100 AM AST WED SEP 09 2009. Accessed 2009-09-10. [http://www.webcitation.org/5jjpVbc9Y Archived] 2009-09-12.</ref> Fred weakened soon afterwards due to vertical wind shear, and devolved into a remnant low on September 12. <ref>{{cite web|title=Tropical Depression FRED Public Advisory <!-- BOT GENERATED TITLE -->|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/text/refresh/MIATCPAT2+shtml/122035.shtml|work=|archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5jpoeFWVJ|archivedate=2009-09-16|deadurl=no|accessdate=2009-09-12}}</ref> Fred's remnant low lingered on in till September 20 where it dissipated southwest of [[Bermuda]].

{{clear}}

{{clear}}
===Hurricane Grace===
{{Infobox Hurricane Small
|Basin=Atl
|Image=Gustav08onCuba.jpg
|Formed=September 15
|Dissipated=Still Active
|1-min winds=130
|Pressure=923
|Track=Ike 2008 track.png
}}
{{Main article|Hurricane Grace (2009)}}
On September 15, the National Hurricane Center began issuing advisories on Tropical Depression Ten. The depression had formed about 400 miles (640&nbsp;km) east-northeast of the [[Outer Banks]] of [[North Carolina]]. With relatively favorable conditions, the depression was forecast to strengthen into a [[tropical storm]] by early September 20 before dissipating over cooler waters shortly thereafter. However, the system didn't not reach tropical storm strength, and instead began to strenthen rapidly later on the 21st.<ref>{{cite web | author=Franklin and Beven | publisher=National Hurricane Center | publisher=National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration | date=May 28, 2009 | accessdate=2009-05-28 | title=Hurricane Ten Discussion Number 1 | url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2009/al01/al012009.discus.001.shtml?}}</ref> The depression [[extratropical cyclone#Extratropical transition|became extratropical]] at about 5 p.m. [[Atlantic Standard Time|AST]] (2100 [[Coordinated Universal Time|UTC]]) that same day,<ref name="al012009.discus.006">{{cite web | author=Kimberlain and Franklin | publisher=National Hurricane Center | publisher=National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration | date=May 29, 2009 | accessdate=2009-06-01 | title=Tropical Depression Ten Discussion Number 6 | url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2009/al01/al012009.discus.006.shtml?}}</ref> and was absorbed by a frontal zone shortly thereafter.
{{clear}}


==Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE)==
{|class="wikitable" align=right style="margin:0 0 0.5em 1em;"
|-
!colspan=14|ACE (10<sup>4</sup>[[Knot (unit)|kt]]²) ([[Talk:2009 Atlantic hurricane season/ACE calcs|Source]]) &mdash; Storm:
|-
! 1
| 25.8 || [[Hurricane_Bill (2009)|Bill]]
! 4
| 1.27 || [[Tropical Storm Erika (2009)|Erika]]
|-
! 2
| 9.81 || [[Hurricane_Fred (2009)|Fred]]
! 5
| 0.735 || [[Tropical_Storm_Ana (2009)|Ana]]
|-
! 3
| 1.88 || [[Tropical_Storm_Danny (2009)|Danny]]
! 6
| 0.528 || [[Tropical_Storm_Claudette (2009)|Claudette]]
|-
! colspan=6 | Total: 40.0
|}

The table on the right shows the [[Accumulated Cyclone Energy|ACE]] for each storm in the season. ACE is, broadly speaking, a measure of the power of the hurricane multiplied by the length of time it existed, so storms that last a long time as well as particularly strong hurricanes have high ACEs. ACE is only officially released for full advisories on tropical systems at or exceeding 34&nbsp;knots (39&nbsp;mph, 63&nbsp;km/h) or tropical storm strength.

<div style="clear:both;"></div>

==Timeline recent events==
{{main|Timeline of the 2009 Atlantic hurricane season}}
<timeline>
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barset:break
from:11/08/2009 till:19/08/2009 color:TS text:[[Tropical Storm Ana (2009) |Ana]]
from:15/08/2009 till:24/08/2009 color:C4 text:[[Hurricane Bill (2009)|Bill]]
from:16/08/2009 till:18/08/2009 color:TS text:[[Tropical Storm Claudette (2009)|Claudette]]
from:26/08/2009 till:29/08/2009 color:TS text:[[Tropical Storm Danny (2009)|Danny]]
from:01/09/2009 till:03/09/2009 color:TS text:[[Tropical Storm Erika (2009)|Erika]]
barset:break
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from:01/06/2009 till:01/07/2009 text:June
from:01/07/2009 till:01/08/2009 text:July
from:01/08/2009 till:01/09/2009 text:August
from:01/09/2009 till:01/10/2009 text:September
from:01/10/2009 till:01/11/2009 text:October
from:01/11/2009 till:01/12/2009 text:November

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</timeline>

===September===
'''September 1'''
* 5:00 pm AST (2100 UTC) &ndash; Tropical Storm Erika forms east of the northern [[Leeward Islands]].
'''September 2'''
* 1:00 pm AST (1800 UTC) &ndash; Tropical Storm Erika crosses over [[Guadeloupe]]. <ref>The National Hurricane Center does not mention a landfall. However, on [http://www.stormpulse.com/tropical-storm-erika-2009] if the historical track setting is on it shows a landfall in Guadelope. Accessed 2009-09-03. [http://www.webcitation.org/5jZkVJktm Archived] 2009-09-05.</ref>
'''September 3'''
* 5:00 p.m. AST (2100 UTC) &ndash; Tropical Storm Erika weakens into a tropical depression. <ref>http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2009/al06/al062009.public.009.shtml?</ref>
* 11:00 p.m. AST (0300 UTC September 4) &ndash; Tropical Depression Erika degenerates to a remnant low. <ref>http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2009/al06/al062009.public.010.shtml?</ref>
'''September 7'''
* 5:00 p.m. AST (2100 UTC) &ndash; Tropical Depression Seven forms south of Cape Verde. <ref>http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/text/refresh/MIATCPAT2+shtml/072034.shtml</ref>
* 11:00 p.m. AST (0300 UTC September Cool &ndash; Tropical Depression Seven strengthens to become Tropical Storm Fred. <ref>http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/text/refresh/MIATCPAT2+shtml/</ref>
'''September 8'''
* 11 p.m. AST (0300 UTC September 9) - Tropical Storm Fred strengthens into a Category 1 hurricane. <ref>{{cite web|title=Hurricane FRED Public Advisory <!-- BOT GENERATED TITLE -->|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/text/refresh/MIATCPAT2+shtml/090243.shtml|work=|archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5ji2BAGMJ|archivedate=2009-09-11|deadurl=no|accessdate=2009-09-09}}</ref>
'''September 9'''
* 5:00 a.m. AST (0900 UTC) &ndash; Hurricane Fred strengthens to Category 2 hurricane.
* 11:00 a.m. AST (1500 UTC) &ndash; Hurricane Fred strengthens to a Category 3 hurricane. <ref>{{cite web|title=Hurricane FRED Public Advisory <!-- BOT GENERATED TITLE -->|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/text/refresh/MIATCPAT2+shtml/091442.shtml|work=|archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5jiBJpq76|archivedate=2009-09-11|deadurl=no|accessdate=2009-09-09}}</ref>
* 11:00 p.m. AST (0300 UTC September 10) - Hurricane Fred weakens to a Category 2 hurricane.
'''September 10'''
* 5:00 p.m. AST (2100 UTC) - Hurricane Fred weakens to a Category 1 hurricane.
'''September 11'''
* 5:00 p.m. AST (2100 UTC) - Hurricane Fred weakens to a tropical storm.
'''September 12'''
* 5:00 p.m. AST (2100 UTC) - Tropical Storm Fred degenerates into a remnant low. <ref>{{cite web|title=Tropical Depression FRED Public Advisory <!-- BOT GENERATED TITLE -->|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/text/refresh/MIATCPAT2+shtml/122035.shtml|work=|archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5jpoeFWVJ|archivedate=2009-09-16|deadurl=no|accessdate=2009-09-12}}</ref>

==Storm names==
The following names will be used for named storms that form in the North Atlantic in 2009. Retired names, if any, will be announced by the [[World Meteorological Organization]] in the spring of 2010. The names not retired from this list will be used again in the 2015 season. Names that were not used are marked in {{tcname unused}}, and names in '''bold''' are storms currently active. This is the same list used in the [[2003 Atlantic hurricane season|2003 season]] with the exception of Fred, Ida, and Joaquin, which replaced [[Hurricane Fabian|Fabian]], [[Hurricane Isabel|Isabel]], and [[Hurricane Juan|Juan]] respectively. If there are more than 21 named storms (the 21st being Wanda) then any more tropical storm-strength systems will be named with the [[Greek alphabet]], starting with Alpha. This has only occurred once, in [[2005 Atlantic hurricane season|2005]]. The name Fred was used for an Atlantic storm the first time in 2009.

{| width="90%"
|
* [[Tropical Storm Ana (2009)|Ana]]
* [[Hurricane Bill (2009)|Bill]]
* [[Tropical Storm Claudette (2009)|Claudette]]
* [[Tropical Storm Danny (2009)|Danny]]
* [[Tropical Storm Erika (2009)|Erika]]
* [[Hurricane Fred (2009)|Fred]]
* {{tcname unused|Grace}}
|
* {{tcname unused|Henri}}
* {{tcname unused|Ida}}
* {{tcname unused|Joaquin}}
* {{tcname unused|Kate}}
* {{tcname unused|Larry}}
* {{tcname unused|Mindy}}
* {{tcname unused|Nicholas}}
|
* {{tcname unused|Odette}}
* {{tcname unused|Peter}}
* {{tcname unused|Rose}}
* {{tcname unused|Sam}}
* {{tcname unused|Teresa}}
* {{tcname unused|Victor}}
* {{tcname unused|Wanda}}
|}

==Season effects==
This is a table of the storms in 2009 and their landfall(s), if any. Deaths in parentheses are additional and indirect (an example of an indirect death would be a traffic accident), but are still storm-related. Damage and deaths include totals while the storm was extratropical or a wave or low.
{{Saffir-Simpson small|align=center}}
{{TC stats table start|year=2009|basin=Atlantic hurricane}}
{{TC stats cyclone|cat=depression|name=[[Tropical Depression One (2009)|One]]|dates=May&nbsp;28 – May&nbsp;29|max-winds=35|min-press=1006|ace=&nbsp;0.000}}
{{TC stats no landfall}}
{{TC stats impact|damage=none&nbsp;|deaths=0&nbsp;}}
{{TC stats cyclone|cat=storm|name=[[Tropical Storm Ana (2009)|Ana]]|dates=August&nbsp;11 – August&nbsp;17|max-winds=40|min-press=1004|ace=&nbsp;0.735|mult-landfalls=2}}
{{TC stats first landfall|where=[[Guadeloupe]]|date=August 16|winds=35|cat=depression}}
{{TC stats impact|damage=Minimal&nbsp;|deaths=0&nbsp;|mult-landfalls=2}}
{{TC stats next landfall|where=[[Puerto Rico]] ([[Landfall (meteorology)#Tropical cyclone|direct hit, no landfall]])|date=August 17|winds=35|cat=depression}}
{{TC stats cyclone|cat=cat4|name=[[Hurricane Bill (2009)|Bill]]|dates=August&nbsp;15 – August&nbsp;24|max-winds=135|min-press=943|ace=&nbsp;25.8|mult-landfalls=2}}
{{TC stats first landfall|where=[[Cape Breton Island]], [[Nova Scotia]] (direct hit, no landfall)|date=August 23|winds=80|cat=cat1}}
{{TC stats impact|damage=Unknown&nbsp;|deaths=2&nbsp;|mult-landfalls=2}}
{{TC stats next landfall|where=[[Burin Peninsula]], [[Newfoundland (island)|Newfoundland]]|date=August 24|winds=75|cat=cat1}}
{{TC stats cyclone|cat=storm|name=[[Tropical Storm Claudette (2009)|Claudette]]|dates=August&nbsp;16 – August&nbsp;18|max-winds=50|min-press=1006|ace=&nbsp;0.528}}
{{TC stats first landfall|where=[[Santa Rosa Island, Florida|Santa Rosa Island]], Florida| date=August 17|winds=50|cat=storm}}
{{TC stats impact|damage=1.203&nbsp;|deaths=2&nbsp;}}
{{TC stats cyclone|cat=storm|name=[[Tropical Storm Danny (2009)|Danny]]|dates=August&nbsp;26 – August&nbsp;29|max-winds=60|min-press=1006|ace=&nbsp;1.88}}
{{TC stats no landfall}}
{{TC stats impact|damage=none&nbsp;|deaths=1&nbsp;}}
{{TC stats cyclone|cat=storm|name=[[Tropical Storm Erika (2009)|Erika]]|dates=September&nbsp;1 – September&nbsp;3|max-winds=60|min-press=1004|ace=&nbsp;1.27}}
{{TC stats first landfall|where=[[Guadeloupe]]|date=September 2|winds=40|cat=storm}}
{{TC stats impact|damage=Minimal&nbsp;|deaths=0&nbsp;}}
{{TC stats cyclone|cat=cat3|name=[[Hurricane Fred (2009)|Fred]]|dates=September&nbsp;7 – September&nbsp;12|max-winds=120|min-press=958|ace=&nbsp;9.81}}
{{TC stats no landfall}}
{{TC stats impact|damage=none&nbsp;|deaths=0&nbsp;}}
{{TC stats table end|num-cyclones-text='''7 cyclones'''|dates='''May&nbsp;28 – Still&nbsp;Active'''<!-- DO NOT CHANGE THIS UNTIL AFTER THE SEASON DECIDES TO END -->|max-winds='''135'''|min-press='''943'''|tot-ace='''{{#expr: 0.7350+25.7600+0.5275+1.8750+1.2675+9.8125 round 1}}'''|num-landfalls='''4'''|tot-damage='''1.203'''|tot-deaths='''5'''}}

==See also==
{{tcportal}}
*[[List of Atlantic hurricanes]]
*[[List of Atlantic hurricane seasons]]
*[[2009 Pacific hurricane season]]
*[[2009 Pacific typhoon season]]
*[[2009 North Indian Ocean cyclone season]]
*South-West Indian Ocean cyclone seasons: [[2008–09 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season|2008–09]], [[2009–10 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season|2009–10]]
*Australian region cyclone seasons: [[2008–09 Australian region cyclone season|2008–09]], [[2009–10 Australian region cyclone season|2009–10]]
*South Pacific cyclone seasons: [[2008–09 South Pacific cyclone season|2008–09]], [[2009–10 South Pacific cyclone season|2009–10]]
==References==
{{reflist|2}}

==External links==
* [http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/tropical/rain/2009.html HPC rainfall page for 2009 Tropical Cyclones]
* [http://www.nhc.noaa.gov National Hurricane Center Website]
* [http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/text/MIATWOAT.shtml National Hurricane Center's Atlantic Tropical Weather Outlook]
* [http://www.ssd.noaa.gov/PS/TROP/TCFP/atlantic.html Tropical Cyclone Formation Probability Guidance Product]

{{2009 Atlantic hurricane season buttons}}
{{2000-2009 Atlantic hurricane seasons}}

{{DEFAULTSORT:2009 Atlantic Hurricane Season}}
[[Category:Atlantic hurricane seasons|2008]]
[[Category:2009 Atlantic hurricane season| ]]

[[cs:Atlantická hurikánová sezóna 2009]]
[[de:Atlantische Hurrikansaison 2009]]
[[es:Temporada de huracanes en el Atlántico de 2009]]
[[fr:Saison cyclonique 2009 dans l'océan Atlantique Nord]]
[[nl:Atlantisch orkaanseizoen 2009]]
[[pt:Temporada de furacões no Atlântico de 2009]]
[[simple:2009 Atlantic hurricane season]]
[[sv:Atlantiska orkansäsongen 2009]]
[[zh:2009年大西洋颶風季]]
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